Training Provider Info
 

Radon Measurement Specialist

Radon Measurement Specialist Course Curriculum (1)
Two-Day Course
Revised December 7, 2001

A minimum of sixteen hours of classroom instruction time is required for this course.  A maximum of two hours is allowed for a 100 question closed book examination.  Only after a student finishes the classroom portion of the course, may he/she sit for the examination. The class room work and the examination may be completed in two days or the examination may be completed on a subsequent day.

A student must answer at least 70% (70 of 100) examination questions correctly to obtain a passing grade.
Determining the amount of time allocated to the various sections of this curriculum is not mandated; this determination is left to the discretion of the instructor.  It is not mandated that all sixteen hours of classroom instruction be completed in a single day.   However, to provide guidance for the instructor, the course curriculum indicates the approximate number of examination questions that will be associated with each section of the curriculum.
The course instructor must maintain a classroom attendance log for each student, which accounts for the time the student spent in the classroom.  
 
I.  Basic Concepts Radiation and Radon Sources (15 questions)
Radioactivity
Radiation - alpha, beta, gamma
Half-life
Inert gas
Uranium (mineral) > Radium (mineral) > Radon (gas) > Progeny (solids)
Radon progeny
Units: pCi, dpm, dps, ER, pCi/l, WL, Bq/m3, WLM
Typical concentrations indoor/outdoor
Action level
Gas transport:
From soil: diffusion, permeation, mixing/dilution
From water: dissolution/aeration
Sources: soil, rock, building materials, water
Radon entry into house - Mechanisms
 
(1) Based on "A Radon Curriculum for Professional Home Inspectors," presented by Stephen Shefsky and Robert Juliano at the 1998 AARST International Symposium.
 
II. Health Effects (7 questions)
Gas > progeny > (attachment) > lungs > alpha radiation > lung cancer risk
Dose-response model
Evidence of radon link to lung cancer (miner studies)
Residential studies
Extrapolating mines to homes
Radon-in-water > aeration > inhalation > lungs > known risk
Radon-in-water > ingestion > stomach/intestines/bloodstream > risk(?)
Synergistic effect with smoking
Risk at EPA action level
What level is “safe”?
Comparative risks: auto accidents, drowning, other radiation exposures, etc.
If you don't know the answer refer client to EPA or State
 
III. Radon Test Methods (25 questions)
Test purposes: screening, follow-up/confirm, diagnostic, post-mitigation, maintenance,   research/other
Duration: long term, short term, grab
Strategy: passive, active
Integrating vs. continuous
Screening protocol goals
Devices: passive/ active, short term/long term
Passive:  Short Term:  AC, LS, ES
Active:    Short Term:  CR, CW
Passive:   Long Term:  AT, EL
  Instrument Accuracy at 4.0pCi/L
IV. Test Placement, Protocols and Conditions (26 questions)
Variation: diurnal, seasonal, spatial, weather-related, occupant-related
Placement: level, room, location, how many
Minimum distances
Closed House Conditions
When required?  When recommended?
Requirements for Closed House Conditions
Notifying occupants
Interference/tampering: detecting, avoiding
Test invalidation
Data reported to lab with test kit
EPA Protocol for real estate transactions 
Interpretation of results
Measurement error /uncertainty
Large buildings, schools
Discussion
(Recommended) Radon-in-water sampling
 
V.  Mitigation (5 questions)
Mitigation strategies: basics
      Radon from soil:
            Building investigation
Soil depressurization: greatly reduces radon entry into house
Soil pressurization
Ventilation: dilutes radon that has entered the house
Other: sealing - usually doesn't work by itself
      Radon from water:
Aeration
GAC filtration
Advantages & Disadvantages
Comparative performance and costs
Difficult situations
Don't offer mitigation strategies, let mitigators determine strategies
All houses can be fixed - cost is the issue
Radon resistant new construction - How it works
Post-mitigation testing, system monitoring, and maintenance
 
VI. Relation with Client (4 questions)
Dialogue with client
Risk communication
Confidentiality
Interpretation of results for client
Based on radon test results, what should be done next? 
Do nothing, retest, or call mitigator(s)
If unusually high radon concentrations, urge client to call EPA or state for advice
What follow-up is required?
Real estate transaction
Re-test when?
Who pays for mitigation?
Negotiation and escrow possibilities
Discussion
 
VII. Relation with Laboratory (9 questions)
Choosing lab
Levels of service
Division of responsibilities
Quality assurance responsibilities
Blanks, duplicates, spikes, calibrations
Quality assurance plan
Control Charts
 
VIII. Role of Government (4 questions) 
Federal: EPA
States: unregulated and regulated
Regional review of state laws
Real estate disclosure laws
Radon outreach programs
EPA Publications:
     Citizen's Guide to Radon
     Consumer's Guide to Radon Reduction
     Home Buyers and Sellers Guide to Radon
 
IX. Tester's Health and Safety, Professional Conduct, and Ethics (3 questions)
Testing in houses with known high radon concentrations
Calculate occupational exposures (WLM)
Professional Conduct
Ethics - Conflict of Interest
 
X.  Additional Courses, Continuing Education, and Credentials (2 questions)
Advanced measurement methods
Analytical services and quality assurance
Radon in water
Radon mitigation standards; and inspecting mitigation systems
Video courses
Seminar participation
AARST programs
NRSB Certification
Other Certification Programs

Documents from which NRSB Radon Measurement Examination Questions are taken
 
Revision 2, March 5, 2007
 
(It is anticipated that this list will be updated from time to time and be posted at www.nrsb.org).
 
1) A Citizen's Guide to Radon: The guide to Protecting Yourself and Your Family from Radon (EPA 402-K-12/002, December 2016)
 
2) Consumer's Guide to Radon Reduction: How to Fix Your Home (EPA 402-K-10/005, December 2016)
 
3) Home Buyer's and Seller's Guide to Radon (EPA 402-K-13/002, September2013)
 
4) Standard Practice for Installing Radon Mitigation Systems in Existing Low-Rise Residential Buildings (ASTM E-2121-13)
 
5) Builders:Building New Homes with Radon-reducing Features-EPA recommends the ASTM E1465-08 standard for radon-reducing features in new homes.

6) Radon Reduction Techniques for Detached Houses Technical Guidance (Second Edition) (EPA/625/5-87/019, Revised January 1988)
 
7) Radon Reduction Techniques for Existing Detached Houses Technical Guidance (Third Edition) for Active Soil Depressurization Systems (EPA/625/R-93/011, October 1993)
 
8) Final Report Reducing Radon in Structures (EPA Contract Number 68-D-90170, Work Assignment 2-46, December 1992)
 
9) Technical Support Document for the 1992 Citizens Guide to Radon (EPA 400-R-92-011, May 1992)
 
10) Indoor Radon and Radon Decay Product Measurements Device Protocols (EPA 402-R-92-004, July 1992)
 
11) Protocols for Radon and Radon Decay Product Measurements in Homes EPA Document Number 402-R-93-003, June 1993

12) Radon Measurement in Schools Revised Edition (EPA 402-R-92-014 July 1993)